Robotic cholecystectomy [Mechanical engineering]

Robotic cholecystectomy

And now presenting . . . robotic lap choles!

As a non-medical person, I was so excited when I could say "laparoscopic cholecystectomy" without pausing or tripping over all the syllables. In English, this is a surgery to remove a gall bladder using laparoscopic instruments through holes in the abdomen instead of cutting it open. Lap choles, for short, are among the most routine and safest surgical procedures. The folks at USC note:
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a very safe operation. The overall complication rate is less than 2%. The complication rate for laparoscopic gallbladder surgery is similar to the complication rate for traditional open gallbladder surgery when performed by a properly trained surgeon. Many thousands of laparoscopic cholecystectomy have been performed in the USA and this operation has an excellent safety record.

An article on Medscape notes:

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has rapidly become the procedure of choice for routine gallbladder removal and has become the most common major abdominal procedure performed in Western countries. LC decreases postoperative pain, decreases need for postoperative analgesia, shortens hospital stay from 1 week to less than 24 hours, and returns the patient to full activity within 1 week compared to 1 month after open cholecystectomy (OC).

In 1990, 10% of cholecystectomies were being performed laparoscopically. By 1995, 10 years after the introduction of LC, close to 80% of cholecystectomies were being performed laparoscopically.

In 2008, 750, 000 patients underwent cholecystectomy in the United States; in 90% of these patients, the operation was done laparoscopically.

So, what do you do if you are a robotic surgery device company that has saturated the marketplace for robot-assisted prostate surgery and if the president of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has said:

Many women today are hearing about the claimed advantages of robotic surgery for hysterectomy, thanks to widespread marketing and advertising. Robotic surgery is not the only or the best minimally invasive approach for hysterectomy. Nor is it the most cost-efficient. It is important to separate the marketing hype from the reality when considering the best surgical approach for hysterectomies.

At a time when there is a demand for more fiscal responsibility and transparency in health care, the use of expensive medical technology should be questioned when less-costly alternatives provide equal or better patient outcomes.



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FAQ

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How to find a job selling robots and automation systems in the UK or the US? | Yahoo Answers

Talk to ABB - they are an international company, selling automation products, including robots which they make, to the largest companies in the world. ABB has major robotics centers in Europe, US, and China.
It is a great company to work for, too!
Good luck!
OC

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Automated Robotic Parking Systems? | Yahoo Answers

Most of the automatic car parking systems I have seen were cubical.
Although cylindrical ones do exist, but usually only if the building architecture requires so.
Since the car doors do not need to be opened, the space requirement is solely given by the maximum car size you want to accommodate. I also found that geography plays an important role: Allocated spaces are larger in N.-America than in Hong Kong (property cost, and majority car size).
Have a look at this German design, which shows dimensions in great detail:

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