Applications of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology [Mechanical engineering]

Applications of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology


The word Nanoscience refers to the study, manipulation and engineering of matter, particles and structures on the nanometer scale (one millionth of a millimeter, the scale of atoms and molecules). Important properties of materials, such as the electrical, optical, thermal and mechanical properties, are determined by the way molecules and atoms assemble on the nanoscale into larger structures. Moreover, in nanometer size structures these properties often different then on macroscale, because quantum mechanical effects become important.


Nanotechnology is the application of nanoscience leading to the use of new nanomaterials and nanosize components in useful products. Nanotechnology will eventually provide us with the ability to design custom-made materials and products with new enhanced properties, new nanoelectronics components, new types of “smart” medicines and sensors, and even interfaces between electronics and biological systems…

These newborn scientific disciplines are situated at the interface between physics, chemistry, materials science, microelectronics, biochemistry, and biotechnology. Control of these disciplines therefore requires an academic and multidisciplinary scientific education.

Nanoscience and nanotechnology are at the forefront of modern research. The fast growing economy in this area requires experts who have an outstanding knowledge of nanoscience in combination with the skills to apply this knowledge in new products. A multidisciplinary scientific education is crucial to provide industry and research institutes with top quality experts who have a generic background in the different subdisciplines such as electronics, physics, chemistry, material science, biotechnology, and at the same time be experts in one particular field. This is what is offered in this master programme.

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What is the difference between "nanotechnology" and "nanoscience" ? | Yahoo Answers

As far as I can tell, nanotechnology is the application of nanoscience, which is a much broader field. Technology implies a certain degree of mechanisation or complexity - nanoscience can just be 'the science of really small things'.
A good example: carbon nanotubes in themselves are the subject of nanoscience - you need to be able to work on a small scale to create them. However, they have great potential as a building material as they are incredibly strong, or alternatively can be used in circuits, which I'd class as nanotechnology.
It's a very vague difference, I'll grant you =D…

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